1. Some people believe that there should be fixed punishment for each type of crime. Others, however, argue that the circumstances of an individual crime, and the motivation for committing it, should always be taken into account when deciding on the punishment. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
Arguments for fixed punishment:
Fixed punishment is a sure measure to avoid any unfairness occurring in the court of law, guaranteeing the justice of laws, regardless of their gender, race, religion, social status, etc.
This kind of penalty exerts a deterring effect on the potential criminals, i.e., if someone is inclined to commit some offenses, they would not make decisions easily.
Arguments against fixed punishment:
Some offenders do not intend to do illegal deeds, but either are forced to do so or are for self-protection purposes.
Under such circumstances as natural disasters, many people steal some necessities in order to go through these difficulties, like stealing food from the grocery or markets or drugs from the hospital or clinic, which is fully justified for them to be exempt from these crimes.
2. Can capital punishment (death penalty) ever be justified?
Arguments against capital punishment:
Capital punishment, which even though manages to bring the criminals to justice, could by no means compensate for physical, mental and psychological sufferings inflicted on victims, or in some extreme cases, bring back their lives.
It is entirely unjustified to deprive one of his/her rights to live regardless of how insanely severe and cruel the offenses he/she has committed are. （This subject matter has boiled down to the controversial issue of human rights.）
Arguments for capital punishment:
It would be only fair for the victims if the criminals are subject to the greatest fear of all—death.
If capital punishment is ever to be done away with, the potential wrong-doers wouldn’t be deterred from committing staggeringly serious offenses among which serial murder proves particularly appalling.
1. Should criminals be sent to prisons or placed on education and job retraining?
Arguments for prison:
In stark contrast to placing criminals on educational courses or employment retraining, prisons appeared more effective in deterring potential, would-be wrongdoers from committing crimes, thus drastically decreasing the likelihood of rising crime rate.
Imprisonment is a punitive measure imposed on criminals who are highly unlikely to turn into a recidivist in consideration of their fear of setting foot into jails ever again.
Arguments for education and job retraining:
Surrounded by people who probably have committed even more serious charges, the “new” criminals are exposed to such destructive impact. Education serves to correct any misconception or eliminate twisted thoughts they have by immersing them in a positive environment.
A significant proportion of criminals are sadly illiterate without adequate fundamental knowledge and survival skills and it would not be easy for them to find a decent job after being released from the jail. With convenient access to education and job retraining, they are able to survive by themselves, greatly reducing the chance of becoming a recidivist in times when they are financially challenged.
2. Sending criminals to prison is not the best method of dealing with them. Education and job training are better ways to help them. Do you agree or disagree?
In many parts of the world children and teenagers are committing more crimes.
Why is this case happening? How should children or teenagers be punished?
The soaring crime rate of teenagers is mainly due to the family, ranging from the domestic violence to entire ignorance to parental spoil.
The violence and pornography are so common on the internet that children and teenagers are highly exposed to this kind of inappropriate information.
A large number of teenagers commit crimes are partly because of their ignorance in the knowledge of laws and regulations, having no idea of the responsibility they will assume if they do such illegal things. Giving them education will be an effective way to make them be aware of their guilty.
Community service enables these people to take the responsibility of making up for their crimes.