朗阁首页 > 雅思写作 > [雅思培训]从考官范文看:如何增强段落内部的连贯性

[雅思培训]从考官范文看:如何增强段落内部的连贯性

来源:朗阁教育14-08-16编辑:朗阁培训小编0人看过

Coherence是雅思大作文的评分标准之一,即文章的连贯性。连贯的语言可以使文章读起来如行云流水,给人一气呵成之感。

    Coherence是雅思大作文的评分标准之一,即文章的连贯性。连贯的语言可以使文章读起来如行云流水,给人一气呵成之感。但是,在写作时,很多考生比较缺乏文章连贯的意识,或缺少使得语言表达连贯的方法,导致雅思大作文失分。鉴于此,朗阁雅思培训中心写作组的将结合多年的考试及教学经验,给雅思考生们讲解一下如何增强段落内部的连贯性。
一、正确使用指代词
使用的指代词包括人称代词,物主代词和一些特定的词语。
★ 使用人称代词或物主代词代替文章中重复出现的词
剑桥4 test4 task2范文中的句子:
But I think the solution to the problem lies with the families, who need to be more aware of the future consequences of spoiling their children. If they could raise them to be considerate of others and to be social, responsible individuals, the whole community would benefit.
★ 使用特定的词语来指代某一类事物
这些词包括one, that, those, so, this, not和do的各种形式。同时,被替代的可以是名词、动词,也可以是句子。
①替代名词(用one, that, those来替代某个名词)
剑桥7 test B task2范文中的句子:
I agree with the view that stars in the entertainment business are usually over paid. However, it is also true that it is only those who reach the very top of their profession who can get these huge salary.
②替代动词(用do的各种形式来代替前面提到的动词)
剑桥4 test4 task2范文中的句子:
When they get to school age they have not learnt any self control or discipline. They have less respect for their teachers and refuse to obey school rules in the way that their parents did.
③替代句子(用so, this, 或者not来替代一个句子)
剑桥4 test4 task2范文中的句子:
Of course, factors such as loving relationships, good health, the skills to earn a living and a peaceful environment all contribute to our happiness too. But this does not mean that people without these conditions cannot be happy.

二、正确使用意思相关联的词
    使用同义词,反义词等意义相互关联的词可以提醒读者一些相关的概念,而通过这些概念的反复出现达到与重复相类似的效果。
★ 同义词
剑桥5 test B task2范文中的句子:
I think it is true that in almost every country today each household and family produces a large amount of waste every week. Most of this rubbish comes from the packaging from the things we buy, such as processed food.
★ 反义词
剑桥5 test2 task2范文中的句子:
The trend is not restricted to rich students who have the money to travel, but is also evident among poorer students who choose to work and become economically independent for a period of time.
★ 有相互补充关系的词
剑桥4 test4 task2范文中的句子:
When they get to school age they have not learnt any self control or discipline. They have less respect for their teachers and refuse to obey school rules in the way that their parents did.
剑桥5 test4 task2范文中的句子:
Today the way we consider human psychology and mental development is heavily influenced by the genetic sciences. We now understand the importance of inherited characteristics more than ever before.

(未完待续)

 

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