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雅思剑九写作解析:Test1 Task2(上)

来源:朗阁教育14-06-03编辑:雅思培训小编0人看过

Some experts believe that it is better for children to begin learning a foreign language at primary school rather than secondary school.

 

朗阁海外考试研究中心  黄蓉

 

题目

Some experts believe that it is better for children to begin learning a foreign language at primary school rather than secondary school.

Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages? (一些认为孩子最好从小学而不是从中学开始一门学习外语。这样做的好处大于坏处吗?)

 

审题:

1. 此题属于教育类话题。

2. 此题属于比较类话题,即比较小孩从小学学外语还是从中学开始学,因此,文章中一定要出现这两者的对比。

3. 注意题目中的关键词:experts(不是普通的people, 文章中要带到),children6-12岁)与teenageradolescent13-17岁)有差别,因此不难得出语言的先天习得性差异。

4. 最后问题是advantagedisadvantage, 因此一定要提到利弊问题,此外,利弊类话题往往是主体段对利弊进行分析,到结尾段开始表明立场,中间段对利弊进行分析的方法有很多种,比如说对于这个题目就有四种思路:

1)     可以说学生从小学开始学习一门外语的好处与坏处,对比从中学学外语的好处与坏处。最后进行对比,写出观点。但是这样看起来会比较复杂。

2)     也可以说学生从小学开始学外语的好处和从中学学外语的坏处,这样就会观点明确一边倒:学外语还是从小学生开始。

3)     也可以说学生从小学开始学习外语的坏处和从中学学习外语的好处,这样也是观点比较鲜明的:学外语还是从中学开始。

4)     也可以说学生从小学开始学习外语的好处和坏处,最后通过结尾段来判断。

那么到底哪种最好呢,其实只要能自圆其说,有说服力,又不会思路混乱即可,我们可以参照以下考官的思路(考官选择的是最后一种,带有让步的一边倒)。

文章结构:

文章使用五段式,除了开头,结尾,作者用两段来证明自己的观点即孩子从小学开始学语言的好处,而使用一段让步段来论证孩子从小学开始学外语的坏处并且加以否决,分别是:

 

开头段:背景介绍(一方观点)+转折+另一方观点

主体段段:论证小学生开始学外语的好处之一:从先天的条件上(brain, mother tongue, not inhibited by self-consciousness)看孩子(children)比(teenager/adolescent)更容易学习外语。

主体段第二段:论证小学生开始学习外语好处之二:从小学生灵活的时间安排上看(flexibility of timetable),小学生更容易玩中带学,学中带玩,保持学习热情。这也对他们将来学习其他外语和外国文化也有个基础。

主体段第三段:论证小学生开始学外语的问题,否决:小学老师可能不一定是具备这样教语言的能力,如果请语言,之前讲过的时间灵活性这样的优势就会被抹煞,并且如果小学语言教学没有标准化,中学将很难实现有效的外语教学,而他们的小学时候获得的外语能力也会因此受损,并可能影响到他们进一步学习外语的动力。不过文中指出,这些问题都是可以通过小学外语教学的设计来解决这些问题的,比如标准化教学的实施。

结尾段明确表明观点,指出应该利用孩子的先天优势,从小学开始学习外语,这样对社会发展有利。

 

开头段解析:

Traditionally,(今昔对比法的背景引入法)children have begun studying foreign languages at secondary school(提出了一方观点), but introducing them earlier is recommended by some educationalists(转折提出了另一方的观点). This policy has been adopted by some educational authorities or individual schools, with both positive and negative outcomes.(点题,明确说明我要写的是利与弊)

 

可参考的今昔对比或现状背景引入法的其他文章:

 

1. 科技类:

题目:Some people think it is acceptable to use animals for the benefit of humans. Other people think it is wrong to exploit animals for human purposes. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Humans have been using other animals ever since we realized our power to harness them.(昔)In recent years, (今)however; many have argued that utilizing animals is both cruel and unnecessary. We should change our attitude on them. I think that we should take a balanced approach that is not extreme either way.

 

题目:In the last century when a human astronaut first arrived on the moon he said “it is a big step for mankind”, but some people think is makes little difference to our daily life. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

It is hard to imagine. It was less than half a century ago that mankind journeyed past the earth’s atmosphere into space and landed on the moon.(昔)Ever since that day, lots of money and energy has been spent on space exploration, but the result, some may say, have not been fruitful. While it might seem like a waste of money, its value is perhaps greater than most realize.

 

2. 生活类:

题目:Housing shortages in big cities can have severe consequences. Only government action can solve this problem. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Nowadays in big cities all over the world, it is not uncommon to hear people complain about the cost of housing.(今)It seems that real estate markets are often out of control and consumers have no say in the matter. As housing is a basic need, governments need to step in to protect consumer rights and make sure the markets are fair.

 

主体段论证方法解析:

 

主体段一:The obvious argument in its favor is that young children pick up languages much more easily than teenagers. (主题句:年轻的小孩子比青年人更容易习得一门外语,关键词在更容易)Their brains are still programmed to acquire their mother tongue, which facilitates learning another language(进一步使用解释法,解释了更容易在于大脑依然在习得母语的过程中,因此这时候学习一门外语更容易。)And unlike adolescents, they are not inhibited by self-consciousness.(对比法,信号词是unlike, 对比那些青年人,他们更容易受到自己意识的阻碍,在这,很多学生可能看起来会比较模糊,什么叫做自我意识为什么自我意识就会阻碍学习另一门外语了?其实考官用了非常深入的写法,给大家普及下这个背景知识:Self-consciousness: adolescents experience a significant shift from the simple, concrete, and glo

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