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雅思定语从句最佳的表达方式

来源:朗阁教育14-02-10编辑:pmc_vicky0人看过

定语从句是语法内容中的一大核心部分,也是雅思写作中必不可少的一个知识点。

  定语从句是语法内容中的一大核心部分,也是雅思写作中必不可少的一个知识点。

  它能比较显著地彰显出写作者的实力,一个恰到好处的定语从句,能体现出写作者对整体句子较为精确的掌控能力,并且增强句子的紧凑感。当今,很多同学对其用法模糊,只能凭借着多年的语感去编写。为了确保写作中使用的定语从句准确合理,学生应该对此从句有个系统的学习。

  1. 非限定性定语从句

  特点:主句与从句之间用“,”隔开;不能用that引导;从句修饰整个主句

  l which引导的非限制性定语从句

  e.g. 很多车沿着街道停,这是交通堵塞的直接原因。

  Plenty of cars are parked along the street, which is the direct cause of traffic congestion。

  l as引导的非限制性定语从句--- 加分句式:一般放句首

  As is well-known,

  As is expected/ supposed/ suggested,

  As has been said/ mentioned/ pointed out before,

  As will be shown in the next paragraph,

  e.g. 正如上文所述,中国政府越来越关注整个社会的可持续发展。

  As has been mentioned, Chinese government is increasingly concerning the sustainable development of the whole society。

  2. 考官如何在雅思写作中使用定语从句

  However, the parents who do not allow their children sufficient free time for leisure activities outside school hours are misguided。

  If everything they do must have some educational or academic relevance, then they will soon get tired of studying altogether, which is the last thing parents would want。

  There are the two factors that may be the most important for achieving happiness。

  They are generally more confident and independent than children who stay at home with their parents and who are not used to strangers or new situations。

  3. 定语从句的概念以及结构

  在复合句中修饰名词或者代词的从句叫做定语从句。被定语从句修饰的名词称为先行词;起到承上启下作用的词为引导词(关系词)

  e.g. Lucy is a girl who likes to help other people。

  先行词 引导词(功能:替代先行词)

  4. 定语从句引导词的种类

  引导词 先行词 在从句中所做成分

  who 人 主语 or 宾语

  whom 人 宾语

  which 物 主语 or 宾语

  that 人 or 物 主语 or 宾语

  whose 人 or 物 定语

  when 时间 状语

  where 地点 状语

  why reason 状语

  a. 那些花费很多时间打游戏的人不愿意参加社会活动,也不愿意与人交往。

  Those who spend plenty of time watching TV will refuse to participate in social activities and interact with other。。

  b. 每个人都夸奖的那个女孩来自中国。

  The girl whom everyone praises comes from China。

  c. 手机是一种可以使人们互相沟通的工具。

  The mobile phone is kind of tool which enables people to communicate with each other。

  d. 人们往往会和性格,爱好与自己相近的人交朋友。

  People tend to make friends with those ones whose character and hobby are similar to their own。

  e. 我将永远不忘记我次见你的那一天。

  The most exciting travelling experience for me is the one in Bali where I experienced diving for the first time in my life。

  f. 最激动人心的一次旅行经历是在巴厘岛,在那里我有生以来次体验了潜水。

  The most exciting travelling experience for me is the one in Bali where I experienced diving for the first time in my life。

  g. 手提电脑如今很普及的一个重要原因就是它的使用方便。

  A major reason why lap-tops are so popular nowadays is that it is easy to use。
 

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