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雅思写作真题该如何解析

来源:朗阁教育18-01-24编辑:朗阁小编0人看过

本篇雅思培训,朗阁老师将和大家一起探讨一道典型的教育类话题。

当拿到一道大作文题目去分析时,读懂题目本身意思很重要,与此同时考生们还得要了解到题目所涉及的话题,它所考察的是一个什么能力,题目中是否有一些关键词需要格外注意以及对于这道题目所能想到的一些观点论证。本篇雅思培训,朗阁老师将和大家一起探讨一道典型的教育类话题。

 

1.    As part of education, students should spend a period of time studying and living in a different country to learn its language and culture. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

 

审题

 

题目翻译:作为教育的一部分,学生应该要花一段时间去海外学习和生活来学习当地的语言和文化。你多大程度上同意或不同意?

 

能力考查:这个教育类话题是同意不同意的考试指令,考查学生是否能对于考官所呈现的社会现象或所表达的观点能清晰地给出自己的想法并加以有效论证。一般来讲,碰到这种指令,理论上是可以写完全支持或者反对的,但是还是建议大家尽量尝试用折中的写法,即部分同意部分反对。这种一分为二的思考方式可以在考场上帮助你快速想出观点并进行有效作答。另外这种答题模式也不太会发生偏题的情况。

 

考题关键词:studying and living in a different country------language and culture

 

构思

 

First version

Overseas study

advantages

disadvantages

1. meet new friends and opportunities

1.suffer from psychological problems

2. have access to first-class facilities

2.language barrier

3. the best time to learn a new culture

3.experience culture shock

4. communicate with local people

4.great financial burden

5. be more confident and independent

5.outflow of talents

 

读完这道题目时,学生基本上通过出国学习就能想到如上一些的优点和缺点。但是由于本题有一些关键词的局限性(culture, language, for a period of time),所以有些观点并不是特别适合这一道题。

 

Revised version

Overseas study

advantages

disadvantages

1. The best time to learn a new culture

1.suffer from psychological problems

2. Communicate with local people

2.language barrier

 

3.experience culture shock

 

4.great financial burden

 

Sample answer:

Going abroad for further study has become more of a trend as large numbers of students participate in international language tests, such as IELTS or TOEFL. Some academics advocate that an experience of learning in foreign countries is a necessary part of education for culture betterment and language acquisition. As for me, however, such practice should be considered with discretion.

 

Admittedly, compared with second-hand experience, living in exotic local environment can be an effective asset tostudents’ future career development, as it can provide students with many opportunities to communicate with local people. Such language ability and cross-cultural communication, as a result, can make them be more competitive in the future job market. Meanwhile, studying abroad can help students to have a deep insight into local life, including history, culture as well as religious belief.

 

However, it would be unrealistic if all students are encouraged to participate in it. First of all, considering students themselves, those who lack adequate knowledge of customs and the lifestyles of the local people may find it hard to integrate into local life and sometimes they will feel disappointed or even depressed because of culture shocks and language barriers.Costly tuition fees and higher life expenses can beanother problem. For example, studying in UK for one year may cost one student nearly 300 thousand, which is far from affordability for those who come from working-class families or needy families. That is why it is common to see many students study hard to compete for a scholarship or do a part time job after class to release family burden.

 

To sum up, an experience of studying and living overseas can help students to speak good language and understand the local culture well. However, it is not a practical way for most ordinary families unless they make full preparations.

 

思路分析

Introduction:

Going abroad for further study has become more of a trend as large numbers of students participate in international language tests, such as IELTS or TOEFL.(用最熟悉的事件引出背景)Some academics advocate that an experience of learning in foreign countries is a necessary part of education for culture betterment and language acquisition.(对于题目的改写)As for me, however, such practice should be considered with discretion.(在段落的最后,用一句话表明出自己的观点)

 

Body 1:

Admittedly(引导词,值得承认的是), compared with second-hand experience,(用了对比论证手法,强调国外生活与学习的好处)living in exotic(异域的) local environment can be an effective asset to students’ future career development(引出出国学习和生活的好处1), as it can provide students with many opportunities to communicate with local people.(用as进行了有效的因果论证)Such language abilityand cross-cultural communication, as a result,(因果连接词,放句中) can make them be more competitive in the future job market.(同样使用的是因果论证)

 

Meanwhile,(论点之间的连接词) living experiences can help students to have a deep insight into (有着更深刻的印象)local life, including history, culture as well as religious belief. (论证了对于文化的帮助,使用including来举出文化的一些典型表现)

 

Body 2:

主题句:However, it would be unrealistic if all students are encouraged to participate in it. (用however转折连接词引出与上段不同的看法,指出了一部分特殊的学生不适合海外学习,这样就体现出逻辑上的缜密)

 

支撑论点部分:

①  First of all, considering students themselves, those who lack adequate knowledge of customs and the lifestyles of the local people may find it hard to integrate into(融入) local life and sometimes they will feel disappointed or even depressed because of culture shocks and language barriers. (第一个论点,指出语言能力差的学生不适合出国学习,使用的是因果论证)

 

②  Costly tuition fees and higher life expenses can be another problem. For example, studying in UK for one year may cost one student nearly 300 thousand, which is far from affordability(承受力) for those who come from working-class families or needy(贫困的) families(第二个分论点,指出家庭经济条件不好的学生也不适合出国学习,用for example引出了典型的举例论证)That is why it is common to see many students study hard to compete for a scholarship or do a part time job after class to release family burden.(用目前的普遍现象再次论证观点)

 

Conclusion:

To sum up,(段落结尾常见连接词) an experience of studying and living overseas can help students to speak good language and understand the local culture well. (用于总结主体第一段的观点)However, it is not a practical way for most ordinary families unless they make full preparations.(引出了主体第二段的观点并且用unless来加上适当的建议,起到了对文章整体的升华)

 

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