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论雅思口语中的“科技”含量

来源:朗阁教育18-04-06编辑:朗阁小编0人看过

科技类话题被众考官们偏爱也不是一两天了。所以本篇文章中,笔者将从以下几点展开讨论。

科技类话题被众考官们偏爱也不是一两天了。从第一部分开始,科技类话题就比比皆是;APP, mobile phone, computer, emails等等,到第二部分describe a time you were pleased with your mobile phones, describe an invention that has changed the world,再到最近上新的话题;describe a piece of new technology in your house。

 

当然,第三部分的延伸问题也将会围绕科技转圈圈展开!纵观形形色色的科技类话题,笔者不禁思考,这些提问有没有套路可寻?若是有,我们在备考的时候需要注意哪些点以及避开哪些雷区?所以本篇文章中,笔者将从以下几点展开讨论。

 

科技类话题的实力支撑;

科技类话题并不是我们想和考官们聊得溜就能聊得溜的,因为其中涉及一些专业的表达方式,不提前做好积累工作,你会发现聊来聊去就那几个词,再也没有新花样了。所以科技类的表达,必须先到位~

 

Gizmo; 小型的科技类产品我们会把它们称作gizmo,比如smartphones, smart watches, fitness trackers,这些都是。

Gadget; 和gizmos词义相近~

Device:和前面两个单词表示相同的意思,小型的电子产品。

Tablet; 各种平板装置,平板电脑我们都成为tablet。

Facilitate; facility的动词变形,“使变得容易”,比如facilitate communication

Cutting edge; 我们常常用这个形容词来搭配technology—the cutting edge technology,也就是所谓的高端、前沿科技。

Tech-savvy; 这个单词经常用来形容人,表示精通科技的。如果你know the make up of a computer inside out,那你可以说自己是tech-savvy person。

 

老年人VS年轻人

老少之间的对比一向是第三部分的经典曲目,而老少群体对于科技的态度也是考官们特别感兴趣的点;怎样教老年人使用高科技产品,老年人会比年轻人在科技方面更感兴趣吗?等等~对于tech-savvy older adults,technology as a tool for connecting with family and friends, developing new friendships, and exploring options for entertainment as well as hobbies. 而科技类产品对于年轻人的重要性不言而喻;it is their living style to keep up with the latest model of products.

 

英语中有个俗语叫做;teach an old dog new tricks说的就是使守旧的人接受新事物。但怎么教授老年人使用新科技产品,我们可以从以下几点思路展开;

1.      Basic setting can help

The size and behavior of content and program on devices can usually be altered in the setting menu, for example, making text bigger and sounds louder.

2.      Have a notebook to write down all the instructions

Sometimes the keys are too small for them to see and arthritic fingers have trouble pressing the right buttons, so teaching them only the basics of one device at a time is necessary. Again-write everything down in their “tech notebook”.

3.      Help them overcome their fears

Some of the biggest barriers to digital learning for older people are: they won’t know how to do it. If you keep it simple, relevant and engaging, your older friend or family member will soon know that they can have their own digital adventure.

 

科技对生活的影响

科技对于生活的影响,利与弊,这样的提问切入角度在第三部分尤为突出。而其答案涉及的方面实在多而且广,所以笔者就两方面的三个角度进行探讨,总结为如下的六点;

 

GOOD EFFECTS

1.      Communication redefined

Mobile phones have broadened the horizons of communication by enabling long-distance calling. Letters have taken a backseat and emails & cell phone messages have become the easiest means to connect.

 

2.      Changed modes of transport

Technology was the driving force behind the creation and design of the modern-day automobiles. Bicycles evolved into scooters and sports bikes. And the idea of having four-wheeled modes of transport gave rise to the creation of cars.

 

3.      Data management

Computers can store, organize and manage huge amounts of data. They can process large amounts of information. Also, computers have given rise to the software industry, one of the most progressive industries of the world. 

 

BAD EFFECTS

1.      Psychological issues

The technology can lead to the social isolation that is characterized by a lack of contact with other people in normal daily living such as the workplace, with friends and in social activities.

 

2.      Privacy problems

The technology causes a lack of privacy, where anyone can with a few flicks on the keyboard find anyone’s address and contact information, so, they can use of phishing, viruses and hacking that helps to find any information they wish to obtain.

 

3.      Body influences

The technology affects on our body for it causes the neck and head pain when you look down the devices. It also causes blurred vision and migraines, and eyestrain can also causes the headaches.

 

总而言之,雅思口语中的科技类话题一般会和电脑,手机,应用程序,互联网,邮件这些内容相结合,从简单的使用频率方面先入手,一步步问考生对于科技的看法。通常而言,它也会结合口语中惯用的伎俩,从老年人&年轻人,或是男人&女人的方面切入。考生们除了准备相关的表达方式之外,更多的是要在思路上延展开,不仅仅聚焦在某一单方面的思考,而是高度提炼和概括出更精炼的想法,继而加上适当的观点解释。这样一来,大家的回答才不至于单薄。

 

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