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雅思听力题型技巧:段落填空(二)

来源:朗阁教育13-03-22编辑:PMC_ivy0人看过

在“听”过程中,由于段落填空多处于讲座或演讲中,而演讲者语言特征是通常用一些special signal words, 考生要注意掌握试题的节奏,通过特殊信号词来把握原文的脉络,朗阁海外考试研究中心将这些常见信号词总结为

过程中,由于段落填空多处于讲座或演讲中,而演讲者语言特征是通常用一些special signal words, 考生要注意掌握试题的节奏,通过特殊信号词来把握原文的脉络,朗阁海外考试研究中心将这些常见信号词总结为:

 

并列关系:and, also, too, not only…but also…

递进关系:then, in addition, moreover, furthermore

转折关系:however, but, while, whereas

因果关系:because, so, as, cause

强调关系:particularly, do, have to

 

另外,在听题的过程中,要注意对听到的词和题干中的词或词组做同义联想,千万不要奢望和等待所有听到的词和词组都和题干中的一模一样。

 

如果我们把之前的段落填空一句句拆开,会发现其实就是句子完成,只是其句子和句子间存在一定的逻辑关系。接下来,我们继续就上一篇例题,看其时的思路。

 

{典型范例}

Complete the summary below.

Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.

Saving for the future

Research indicates that many women only think about their financial future when a 36. ……….. occurs. This is the worst time to make decisions.

 

范例原文:The research indicates that at present for women it takes a crisis to make them think about their future financial situation. But of course this is the very worst time for anyone to make any important decisions.

 

范例剖析:此题答案为crisis, 题干句子和原文结构发生了较大的变化,题干中的women only think about their financial future when a……. 在原文中出现的是……at present for women it takes a crisis to make them think about their future financial situation……

 

在之前的系列讲解中,曾提到这一出题角度是通过调换从句中两个分句的位置,完成关键词后置叫做考点信息前置或者说是定位信息后置

 

{温馨提示}朗阁海外考试研究中心建议考生,为更好地把握住这种题型,在平时的学习中要熟悉听力题目中常见的容易出现关键词后置的结构;此外,勤能补拙,平时的听写练习还有由此而来的短时记忆能力的提高都是对付这种题型的不二途径。

 

{典型范例}

It is best for women to start thinking about pensions when they are in their 37. ………..

 

范例原文:Women today need to look ahead, think ahead, not wait until they’re under pressure. Even women in their early twenties, need to think about pensions for example.

 

范例剖析:

答案为twenties, 37题和36题在出题角度上相似,但是相对简单,因为题干中通过in their ……….., 可以猜测需要填的是数字,和年龄相关,in one’s …….., 一般我们常见的有in one’s teens, in one’s twenties, in one’s thirties等。

 

{典型范例}

A good way for women to develop their 38. ……… in dealing with financial affairs would be to attend classes in 39. ………..

 

范例原文:Then research also suggests that women avoid dealing effectively with their economic situation because of a lack of confidence.

The college for example, is one of the educational institutions which offers night classes in Money Management, and increasing numbers of women are enrolling on such courses.

 

范例剖析:

38题答案为confidence, 题干中的develop和原文中的lack of, 在内容上形成对照。另外,连接词because是关键特殊信号词,起到提示作用。

39题较为简单,根据之前的预测,此处需要填写是课程种类,答案为Money Management

 

{温馨提示}Money Management课程种类,答案注意大写。

 

{典型范例}

When investing in stocks and shares, it is suggested that women should put a high proportion of their savings in 40. ……….. In such ways, women can have a comfortable, independent retirement.

 

范例原文:It is usually advised that at least 70% of a person’s savings should be in low-risk investments but for the rest, financial advisors often advise taking some well-informed risks.

 

范例剖析:

40题答案为low-risk investments, 题干中的high proportion of 在原文中是以具体的数据出现,即,70% of, 若能即刻反应过来难度则不大。

 

{温馨提示}40题答案在填写的时候注意,low-risk中的连接符号不要漏掉。在英文中,一般当一个形容词和一个名词放在另外一个名词前面起修饰作用时,前面两个词之间要加“-”

 

最后,大家会发现,虽然这篇听力材料内容可能不是最为大家所熟悉,但是填写的词都是日常词汇,多为动词,名词、名词词组和数字。当然,在填写完成后勿忘最后一个步骤,细节检查

 

为避免因细节上的失误而酿成不必要的失分,在完成填空后,需要进行全面的检查包括单词的拼写、时态和单复数。朗阁海外考试研究中心分析认为,在考试中,填空题有六大细节注意点

 

细节注意点1:大小写

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