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[雅思问答]雅思考试中临场忘词该怎么办

来源:朗阁教育15-09-23编辑:朗阁小编0人看过

遇到未曾学过的词或一时想不起的词时,可采用发散性思维,发挥想象力,尽可能想出与之有关的同义词、反义词,利用语言的内在联系、多层次、多角度地运用语言,使单词受阻现象得以解决。

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遇到未曾学过的词或一时想不起的词时,可采用发散性思维,发挥想象力,尽可能想出与之有关的同义词、反义词,利用语言的内在联系、多层次、多角度地运用语言,使单词受阻现象得以解决。下面雅思培训的小编就给大家总结了如下的方法,希望大家能学以致用。

雅思考试忘词换词法一、换用笼统词

  词大体可分为两类:笼统词和具体词。笼统词的特点在于意义广泛、搭配性强。虽然它们独自不能精确表达一个动作,但在构成词组以后可替代很多具体词。写作中遇到一些具体词写不出来的时候,用笼统词取代,能收到异曲同工之妙。最常用的笼统词有 have,take等。

  例:迈克经历了一个极其艰苦的时代。M ike experienced a terrible hard time.写作时,若忘记了experience可用笼统词have代替,写成Mike had a terrible hard time.同样能收到预期效果。

  再看几例:Are you married?= Do you have a wife /husband?

  Do you understand my meaning?=Do you take my meaning?

  She will subscribe(订阅)to Chi- na Today.=She will take China To- day.

雅思考试换词法二、换用同义词、反义词

  遇到未曾学过的词或一时想不起的词时,可采用发散性思维,发挥想象力,尽可能想出与之有关的同义词、反义词,利用语言的内在联系、多层次、多角度地运用语言,使单词受阻现象得以解决。

  例:昨晚李雷做了一场恶梦。

  Li Lei had a nightmare last night.因nightmare使用率不高,不易记住。但其同义词bad dream易记。上句可换译为:Li Lei had a bad dream last night.

  再如:The food is tasty.=The food is nice toeat.=The food is delicious.

  We discontinued the work at nine.=We stopped the work at nine.

  This woman is talkative.=This woman is never quiet.

  This car is expensive.=This car is not cheap.

雅思考试换词法三、换用迂回表达

  当一个词或某些信息表达起来有困难时,要充分利用语言本身词汇丰富、句型多变等特点,进行迂回表达。因为任何一种表达形式,只要能达意便可接受。请仔细观察划线部分词语,看看是如何迂回表达的。

  例:1.我从未见到过这样顽固的人。

  I''ve never seen such a stubborn person.=I''ve never seen such a person who never listens to other''s advice.

  2.如果我们想得到文凭,我们必须首先通过考试。

  If we want to obtain a diploma,we must first pass the exams.=If we want to get a graduation paper,we must first pass the exams.

  3.工厂里的烟囱(chimney)拔地而起。

  High chimneys have appeared in the factories.=The factories are full of high chimneys.=A lot of high chimneys can be seen in the factories.

  4.他数学考试取得优异成绩,被大学录取了。

  He passed the maths exam /succeeded in the maths exam and became a college student.

  5.中午我们吃了野餐。

  At noon we had a picnic.=At noon we had our lunch in the open air.

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